Thursday, 12 December 2013

Robbie Williams- "Go Gentle"

The birth of a child really makes the difference in everyone's life, but when it comes to a rebel, like Robbie Williams used to be in the past, it is surprising to realize how much his young daughter,Theo, has changed his life. Listening to "Go Gentle", you will notice that the hit is not a simple lullaby, rather a genuine promise. In our opinion it is a good starting point for improving students' vocabulary and also for talking about the relation between our students and their parents.

Level: intermediate

Grammar focus on: adjectives, synonyms, word formation

Activity: three exercises are provided. In the first, students are invited first to read the lyrics and try to guess the missing adjectives (only the initial is given) and then they listen to the song twice. In the second exercise they find synonyms, while in the third they try to reconstruct the basic form of the words given. In this case, it would be advisable to divide the class in pairs and explain that they have to look up in the dictionary and make predictions.


Let's talk about: 1) describe your father's positive and negative aspects; 2) what did your parents use to recommend to you when you were a child?; 3) List five recommendations that your parents usually make to you.

Monday, 9 December 2013

Big news from Sing Along With It!

Big news today from Sing Along With It! As our number of readers is fast growing up, we are pleased to offer you new services. To start with, we opened a new email account:, so that now on you can get a quicker answer to your questions and comments,too.
Secondly, we are currently working on a new section of our blog, entitled "Let's talk about...", where you can find suggestions for speaking activities in your class. More specifically, our purpose is to integrate our basic listening activities with more teaching resources that can help you to promote the use of songs in ESL/EFL learning.
Thirdly, we are now on Facebook with our page "Sing Along With It". Click on "I like" and you will be updated regularly with our news, teaching hints and weekly activities, too.

Needless to say, our plans do not stop there! We are already working on new sections and pages...therefore stay tuned and continue to follow us!

Western Disco feat. Lura- "The Sun"

Everybody loves this song for its light-hearted spirit: although in the northern hemisphere it's wintertime and it's cold, "The Sun" by Western Disco is clearly associated by our students with their most beloved season, summer!

Level: elementary (it can easily be adapted to children aged 6 years and over)

Grammar focus on: adjectives

Activity: fill-in-the gaps (words provided)

The Sun

Lyrics taken from: sing365

Tips for teachers: As a follow-up activity, I was looking for a YouTube version of the song with subtitles/captions, because initially our idea was to divide the class into two main groups and let them sing parts of it in a karaoke style. Unfortunately we couldn't, but considering also that YouTube is severely restricted in many institutions (like schools or colleges), we thought that it could be interesting to create a "memory game" with your class.
Namely, after listening to the song twice, your students are invited to write down as many words as they can remember. The student who notes down the highest number of words, wins the "memory competition" of the class.

Let's talk about: 1) the weather forecast; 2) when it's sunny, I can do/play/... (activities); 3) are you weather sensitive?.

Saturday, 30 November 2013

Lorde- "Royals"

I came to know "Royals" by the New Zealand singer-songwriter Lorde, as in Italy it is currently the soundtrack of a very popular TV commercial about smartphones. Therefore I thought that this song could be inspirational for those teachers who aim at discussing the topic- usually loved by students- of advertisement.
In my opinion, when it comes to deal with ads, you can direct your attention to many aspects, such as:

  • the message conveyed by a Tv/radio/web ad from a linguistic or thematic point of view;
  • the specific vocabulary introduced (i.e. "jingle", "slogan", "commercial", "break", etc.);
  • the type of music or video chosen by a company (thus stressing upon the importance of pictures, images or lyrics)
etc. Furthermore I believe that in this song the artist Lorde well describes teenagers' feelings about their origins, their limits and their possibilities and their dreams, too. Consequently, you can exploit this song as a good resource to promote your students' 1) listening and comprehension abilities, 2) vocabulary enrichment and 3) awareness of their limits and abilities (metacognition).

Level: intermediate and  upper-intermediate 

Grammar focus on: phrasal verbs

Activity: listening and comprehension. 5 exercises are provided (with keys). As a follow-up activity, you can ask your students to create a new commercial about the same smartphone. Divide the class in groups of 4-5 and explain that they have to launch a new commercial via radio. Use a tape recorder to record their performances and only after that, analyse together with the class the negative and positive aspects of their ad. In this case, prepare a greed that can be used as feedback by anyone to value the ad presented by his/her peer impartially.


Tips for teachers: In Italy this song is the soundtrack of this smartphone:

Obviously I am not attaching it to promote it, but just as a hint that can be used in your class as a brainstorming activity. You can elicit your students' expectations, asking them if they already know this commercial or its protagonist. You can also ask them to report the message conveyed by it and I am sure that everyone will be interested in having his/her own say!

Thursday, 14 November 2013

Miley Cyrus- "Wrecking ball"

A whirlwind of controversy has been fuelling Miley Cyrus' latest performance on stage at the EMA awards. Keep your shirt on, I don't mean to deal with that matter, but I deem that this song (notwithstanding its quite off-colour video, not suitable for young teenagers) could be useful for teachers. If you are going to plan a lesson on child stars then and now, for example, you can direct your students' attention on the consequences of success or going against social rules. In that case, this song would be a good starting point to revise a rather boring grammar topic, like simple past, as well as to practise speaking abilities.

Level: pre-intermediate

Grammar focus on: simple past (regular/ irregular verbs, affirmative form)

Activity: turn the given verbs into the simple past form

Video (please see above):

Tips for teachers: I am also linking this version of the video song, containing the lyrics, in case you wish to use the song only to start a conversation in class:

Monday, 4 November 2013

San Cisco- "Rocket Ship"

The first time I watched "Rocket Ship" video by the Australian band San Cisco, I immediately thought this song could be perfect to improve students' speaking abilities. Firstly, it is centred on friendship and fun. Secondly, in watching the video students are led to amuse themselves. Thirdly, it is a good starting point to ask students to talk about some of the following aspects: bravado acts, bragging as well as their most favourite leisure activities.
In my opinion, you can plan a very simple lesson and propose it to students at any age or linguistic level.
Level: any
Grammar focus on: verbs
Activities for a basic lesson plan:
  1. brainstorming on the meaning of the title words of the lyrics;
  2.  watch the video;
  3.  write down at least five activities that young people doing in this video are enjoying ;
  4.  ask your students to recollect funny activities that they have shared with their peers as pair work;
  5. listen to the song;
  6. reorder the words given in scrambled order;
  7. correct the exercise.
Later on, as follow-up activity, I would suggest to divide your class in small groups and collect pictures of their funniest moments as class (i.e. trips, after-school activities. creative projects, etc.).
After that, they can create a poster and write under each picture precise captions or brief descriptions of what they were doing there.
As a result, they won't simply enjoy themselves sharing opinions and comments but they will also improve their group identity as class and cooperation, too.
Listening activity to download: Rocket Ship

Wednesday, 9 October 2013

James Blunt- "Bonfire Heart"

Today I was thinking that many times homophones can give EFL learners nasty surprises (such as I/eye, die/dye, etc) and, indeed, only if they know the context they're dealing with, they can have a sudden revelation of these words' ambiguity. For this reason, I decided to work on homophones appearing in "Bonfire Heart" by James Blunt. I label today's worksheet as a useful way to improve students' vocabulary and discriminate words with similar sounds, but I recommend proposing it to learners with at least a pre-intermediate level.

Level: pre-intermediate

Grammar focus on: homophones, vocabulary

Activity: circle the right word


Wednesday, 2 October 2013

Robbie William's "Different" on Tune into English

I'm glad to tell you that this month you'll find my worksheet on "Different" by Robbie Williams on Tune Into English, at you want to download my activity, go to and log in (it's free). In this way, at any time, you can download other activities or share your personal ones with other teachers, too.
As many of you already know, the creator of this wonderful site so rich in karaoke activities, games and worksheets is  the teacher trainer Fergal Kavanagh. He is at the same time the soul of The Tune into English Roadshow, a really all-involving music experience for teachers and students. 
If you really love singing along,  add Tune into English among your bookmarks and I'm sure you won't regret it!

Monday, 30 September 2013

John Newman- "Love Me Again"

Last week, Ele kindly asked me to give some suggestions about one hit loved by her students,i.e. "Love Me Again" by John Newman. I immediately got to work and thought about a series of activities that could be proposed to her junior high school pupils and I hope to get her feedback soon. As you know, my worksheets are usually quite generic so as to be suitable for a wide range of linguistic levels and I appreciate the fact the teachers, like Ele, diligently adapt them to meet their students' need. Therefore do not hesitate to write me and ask for other hits to be used in class, I am really happy to work with you!

Level: pre-intermediate

Grammar focus on: adverbs to show time and clarify, vocabulary, phonetics;

Activity: 4 different exercises are proposed. 

In the first one students are invited individually to tick out extra words and then they work in two, comparing their version (different extra words are added in the two versions a) and b).

Later they have to reflect on adverbs and find similar ones in their own native language.

Considering the young age of junior school students, I though that it could be a good idea to reinforce their vocabulary through the use of cliparts. In this case I am referring to OpenClipart ( and iCLIPART FOR SCHOOLS (the latter being specifically addressed to school professionals with licensing restrictions for web bloggers) that are absolutely free.

The last exercise- and this is new for this blog!- is about phonetics, since I thought that this aspect of ESL or EFL teaching, though fundamental, is not particularly cherished by learners. In this case I would get students crosscheck their results with the help of Macmillan Dictionary Pronunciation and Transcription.


Tips: if you're interested in knowing more about the making of the video, go to "Love Me Again"- Behind the Scenes., in which John Newman explains the origin of the song, his video style, etc.: 

Monday, 23 September 2013

Katy Perry- "Roar"

A few days ago I was reading Laine Redpath Cole's article about slang and txt speak on, when I suddenly thought of Katy Perry' s unofficial video of her latest hit, "Roar". As you will see, in this video a girl is chatting with her friends in a language full of emoticons, rather than plain words and everyone's attention is directed to the bright pictures on her phone screen. Considering that these days many teachers are coming back school and they are often looking for enjoyable activities, why don't use this video to stimulate your students' natural talent in associating new visual material to their familiar vocabulary?

Level: intermediate

Focus on: simple past, vocabulary

Activity: after watching the video, students are invited (relying on their good memory) to fill in the song with the missing words. Compare their results, listen to the song once again and finally show them the complete lyrics.

Video used for this activity:

Katy Perry's official video:

Tips for teachers:as a follow-up activity, read together the above mentioned article on Macmillan Dictionary Blog and ask them to write down a list of five other English colloquial words, used everyday in social media. 

From personal experience I know that students love this topic and often ask you to explain the meaning of other text words and slang they have read but cannot understand, so be prepared for any type of question!

Tuesday, 17 September 2013

"La La La"- Naughty Boy ft. Sam Smith

Hints at: "The Wizard of Oz"

Inspired by: an oral Bolivian legend

Keywordsdiversity, talent, legend, supernatural creatures, special powers

Activity: fill in the gaps with the missing lines provided in the pool

La La La

Lyrics taken from:


Tips for teachers: before working on the lyrics, present the video to your class. Give them the following four words: El Tio, llama, boy, sacrifice. Ask them to predict the plot of the video. Compare their ideas, show the video and finally the listening activity. Eventually ask their opinion about the conclusion of the videoclip: do they like it? Would an other ending be more satisfying?


The close connection between music and literature has always fascinated EFL learners. Today I'm excited at introducing Hits&Lit, a new section of my blog where you can find handy hints on contemporary music and literary works. In more detail, this page lists all the songs of the moment referring to legends, tales, novels and poems. In addition to this, it contains some keywords, by which you can plan your daily lessons on a specific topic more easily. As usual, you can download the listening activities directly from the homepage (i.e. the page you're currently reading and/or clicking on the Labels on your right side) for your personal use or for your classes. Please remember that in this section the study of grammar and vocabulary are not so fundamental as the study of EFL culture and civilization. 
Subsequently, Hits&Lit aims at:
  • focusing on the link between language, literature and culture;
  • stimulating cultural information inference;
  • making cultural comparisons. 
I hope you'll enjoy it!Naturally if you like it, I'm waiting for further Hits&Lit suggestions...

Saturday, 7 September 2013

Pink feat. Lily Allen- "True Love"

Welcome back everyone to our new school year! Since in these weeks students are getting ready to take up their activity once again, I thought to refresh part of their previous knowledge with a very simple listening, such as "True Love" by the great Pink.
The song is quite pleasing and easy to memorize and if you wish to use it in your classroom, you can refresh present simple  in a very relaxing  and amusing way.
And now happy return to school...!
Level: beginner and pre intermediate
Grammar focus on: present simple
Activity: reorder the words in scrambled order

Wednesday, 26 June 2013

Imany- "You will never know"

What is the shape of a broken heart like? No one can tell it. However starting from the album of an other promising cosmopolitan singer, Imany, today we are going to listen to her "You will never know". The simple language of this song makes it ideal for ESL beginners.

Level: beginner

Grammar focus on: would/will

Activity: fill-in the gaps (no items provided)

You will never know 

Lyrics taken from:


Sunday, 16 June 2013

Emeli Sandé ft. Naughty Boy- "Daddy"

Emeli Sandé is a very promising artist and her latest album, "Our Version of Events", definitely hails her as one of the best ever female UK singers. "Daddy", the song we are looking at, is her second single and it was released at the end of November, 2011. Today we are focusing on conjunctions, a rather interesting topic, quite often neglected by ESL teachers, don't you think?

Level: beginner

Grammar focus on: conjunctions

Activity: listening activity with fill-in the gaps (items provided)


Lyrics taken from:


Linguistic aspects: I'd like to remark only on the suggestion: "Put it in your pocket" as a kind way to ask someone to keep something (like an idea, a secret, a plan, etc.) for himself/herself. It sounds like you are kindly invited to keep st. secret and save it only for you. Otherwise you may say that you have someone/something in your pocket every time you have an influential position over someone/something. Similarly and finally you put your hand in your pocket when are going to spend some money or give it to someone. 
That's all for today, folks!

Wednesday, 12 June 2013

Bruno Mars- "Treasure"

Here comes the third treat from "Unorthodox Box" by Bruno Mars; "Treasure" is a lovely song that reminds many fans of Michael Jackson or Prince lyrics. From a linguistic point of view, it is very easy to understand;which is why it is recommended for students at basic level.

Level: beginner

Grammar focus on: personal pronouns vs. possessive pronouns/adjectives

Activity: gap fill exercises (no item provided)


Lyrics taken from:


Notes: although listed as the official video of the lyrics, the version I am linking is likely not to be the one you are going to watch on TV or on your I-Pad, so I won't lose my sleep on that!

Linguistic aspect:today I am going to focus my attention just on the adjective flawless, or to put it in other words, perfect. If a piece of writing is flawless it means that is has no mistakes or bad features. This can be also said of a girl, as in this case, and by the way can you figure out how much happy a woman can be in receiving such a compliment?

Monday, 27 May 2013

Teach100 ranks Sing Along With It!

Great news for Sing Along With It! Go to and you will find that Teach100 ranks our blog at number 319 among the best educational blogs around the world!
We are proud of our score and we hope to improve day by day with your support....that's all folks!

Friday, 17 May 2013

Daft Punk feat. Pharell Williams- "Get Lucky"

Ready to listen to the hit of the moment?I have little doubt that "Get Lucky" by Daft Punk will be particularly cherished by teenagers as well as disco music lovers because it is quite catchy, easy to understand and fresh, isn't it?

Level: beginner

Grammar focus on:  present simple vs. infinitive

Activity: fill-in with the correct form of the verbs given between brackets

Get Lucky

Lyrics taken from:


Linguistic aspects: today I'd like to recommend you this significant site: where you will find the sense of the idiomatic expression "let's raise the bars", meaning that you are inviting someone else to set higher standards than the expected ones. An other interesting aspect is related to the expression: "I'm up all night to get lucky", used to say that you are eager to have an occasional sexual intercourse with someone you have just met.

P.S. By the way, don't miss Barack Obamba Singing 'Get Lucky', a hilarious mix of the speeches held by the US president as a parody of the well-known hit:

Sunday, 5 May 2013

Caro Emerald- "Tangled Up"

Jazz and swing notes are clearly "tangled up" in today's song. Caro Emerald is a Dutch singer and her hit "Tangled Up" just gives a taste of what her second album "The Shocking Miss Emerald" (released last 3 May) look like. Let's put our thumbs up then for the success of this young talent!

Level: pre-intermediate

Grammar focus on: compound forms (phrases and phrasal verbs).

Activity: reorder the words given between brackets

Tangled Up

Lyrics taken from:


Tips for teachers: after the listening activity, why don't you ask your students to form small groups and look up in the dictionary for the compound forms met?Subsequently they can write down all the synonyms found by their peers.

Linguistic aspects: in reading the lyrics I run into the phrase "playing with your string" which I suppose should have a special meaning here. I meant it as it would say "taking things too far with you", but honestly I am not so positive about it. Therefore any suggestion will be greatly appreciated from you!

Today I end this post with the verb "to lance" meaning "to affect someone strongly and immediately"

Saturday, 27 April 2013

Asaf Avidan- "Love It or Leave it"

If you love fresh and innovative music, please keep an eye on Mr Asaf Avidan. His cosmopolitan upbringing along with the years spent travelling around the word are extraordinarily reflected on his "Love It or Leave It", which I am sure you will enjoy a lot!

Level: beginner

Grammar focus on: present simple vs. present continuous

Activity: fill in the gaps (with base form of the verbs provided between brackets)

Love It or Leave It

Lyrics taken from:


Linguistic aspects: why don't we brush up our knowledge on idioms today? This song is perfect to learn and practise some of them. Let's start from the title "Love It or Leave It" : elsewhere you can also find "Take It or Leave It", quite the same expression to be used when you have to accept or turn down an offer without any possibility of compromise

Secondly, you bite your tongue every time you have to refrain yourself from saying something unpleasant or annoying towards someone else

Thirdly, you roll up your sleeve if you decide to get down to work or do something, therefore activating yourself.

In addition to this, there are also several verbs used metaphorically: a) you thunder your cries in case you say something with an angry or loud tone of your voice, b) reasons are strung if you mean that your intentions were not successful and to conclude c) waters are streaming any time you realize that events in your life are unfolding very fast.

Sunday, 14 April 2013

Bruno Mars- "When I Was Your Man"

This week we listen to a great heart-rending ballad sung by Bruno Mars, "When I Was Your Man", the latest hit released from his lucky "Unorthodoxy Jukebox". Here I decided to work on conjunctions but the lyrics can be also useful if you wish to teach or learn phrasal verbs, US colloquial English, present continuous and so on.

Level: elementary

Grammar focus on: conjunctions

Activity: fill in the gaps exercise (non prompts provided)

When I Was Your Man

Lyrics taken from:


Linguistic aspects: let's take a close look at the verbs and at the phrasal verbs that you find in the song. Firstly, talking of you tears me down is an other way of saying that talking of you makes me feel very sad. Broadly speaking, this verb is referred to a structure or a part of it collapsing down. 
Secondly, I should have given you all my hours is to say that I wish I had devoted myself to you, i.e. a regret expressed for something that wasn't done in the past.
Thirdly, someone walks out of your life when he/she leaves you alone and goes away perhaps even when you need him/her most or you grapple with a difficult situation.
Fourthly, if a friend suggests that you should clean up the mess, he is clearly telling you that you should put your life into order
We conclude by quoting "it haunts me every time I close my eyes", where the verb haunt means that the very thought of my ex-girlfriend is always on my mind.

Friday, 5 April 2013

Robbie Williams- "Be A Boy"

As stated by Robbie Williams himself, "Be A Boy" is definitely "a song of empowerment".  Everytime I select one of Robbie Williams' songs, I have to puzzle a lot over the meaning of his lyrics and sometimes, even after a long time, I really enjoy reading teachers' comments whether it is a good idea or not to propose them to teenagers. Honestly, I think that it is a personal choice based on their audience and more specifically, they have to ask themselves whether their students are already well motivated or not. And what's more they need to consider if their pupils are sensible and mature enough to deal with spicier let me know!

Level: pre-intermediate

Grammar focus on: reported and direct speech

Activity: fill in the blanks exercise + turn reported into direct speech

Be A Boy

Lyrics taken from:


Linguistic aspects: I would like to say only a few words about this song, starting exactly from bout, usually used as a noun to refer to a very short period that someone can devote entirely to himself. Here I guess it is a colloquial form for "about", but I am not so sure!

Secondly, you carve your name into the street when you become very important and a whole street is named after you!Yet, in English you can also say that a plan, idea or suggestion is carved in stone or on tablets of stone if it has been fixed and cannot be changed for any reason.

Finally, the expression it takes a big man to be someone is probably a quotation of an other saying or song that means that without someone who is very rich and powerful at your back, you cannot become famous.

Monday, 25 March 2013

Pink feat. Nate Ruess- "Just give me a reason"

This duet is in for a treat! As all the followers of this blog already know, we always relish lyrics sung by Pink and FUN so that now their "Just give me a reason" proves one clearer evidence of our devotion to them!

Level: pre-intermediate

Grammar focus on: adjectives about feelings and quality

Activity: fill in the gaps (items provided)

Just give me a reason

Lyrics taken from: directlyrics


Linguistic aspects: A few words to exaplain the meaning of idioms. To start with, it is written in the stars is used to say it is certain to happen or it is meant to happen that....

Let's consider then  Your head is running wild again which sounds like  You are behaving like you want and no one can control you.

Besides we are collecting (or gathering) dust is an expression that compares ourselves to books, because as long as they remain unused, they are covered with dust. 

What's more, a very interesting idiomatic phrase is our hearts are not broken but just bent, which clearly defines the fact that after suffering so much, we are still in love with each other.

In conclusion, let's talk about two verbs (deriving from nouns): to duct and to rust. In the first case tears are ducted, i.e. they are conveyed through the eye tube. While your feelings can get rusted if they are damaged and you dont' feel like falling in love anymore.

Monday, 18 March 2013

Bastille- "Pompeii"

What are we up to today?A breath of fresh air is filling our lungs, thanks to "Pompeii". This is the latest hit released by the new British band, Bastille. Just out of curiosity, the band was named after the Bastille Day, i.e. the day Dan Smith (frontman and songwriter) was born.

Level: intermediate

Grammar focus on: vocabulary

Activity: word order, fill in the grid with words related to prepositions, -ing form, wh-questions and find opposites 


Lyrics taken from:


Linguistic aspects: a short guide today to highlight some aspects. 

First, I was left to my devices: here it is to say that I was alone and I was allowed to fool someone else.

Secondly, days fall away every time you realise that time goes by, but that is almost insignificant to you. You can also say that a poster can fall away, in case it breaks off from the thing it has been fixed to. Otherwise a piece of land falls aways when it slopes down. In a figurative way, if you examine that sales have fallen away recently, you get to the point that shops have sold less products lately. In addition to this, in literary British a sound (or feeling)   falls away as long as it becomes weaker (see Macmillan Dictionary for further information).

Thirdly, you reduce something to rubble anytime you destroy it completely. Literally, a rubble is any piece of broken stone.

In the end, the expression: "Let the dust settle" is an excellent tip to give whenever you suggest that a person needs to calm down, after a violent outburst or breakdown.

Sunday, 10 March 2013

Michael Bublé- "It's a Beautiful Day"

Who said that breaking up is only a painful experience? In "It's a Beautiful Day" Michael Bublé tells us how much relieved one can feel once his/her love story is eventually over, so happy listening to every "broken heart"!

Level: pre-intermediate

Grammar focus on: phrasal verbs

Activity: listening with fill in the gaps (prepositions)

It's a Beautiful Day

Lyrics taken from: Direct Lyrics


Tips for teachers:  as a warm-up activity, you can write down on the class board a list of synomys of the phrasal verbs presented by the song and ask your students to make predictions.

Linguistic aspects: this song describes personal feelings in a very detailed way. For instance, you hold your breath when you see something unexpected in front of you and you are taken by surprise but you have to control yourself

Futher, an other metaphor is used in saying that you tear the seam of someone's dream, i.e.  you want to destroy someone's desire. Let's examine the original meaning of the word: in origin a seam is a line where two pieces of fabric are sewn together but once it is removed,  the two pieces are no longer joined and that piece of fabric is inevitably torn. The noun is also used in the expression bursting/ bulging at the seams meaning a place full of people or objects.

Then you come up with a specific line or  you come up with the goods when you do exactly what you promised to do or what people expect you to do. Similarly you get/come/ fall into line with everytime you agree with or you adjust to a precise idea or concept.

If you cage someone you keep that person in prison. Here is an example of a  verb deriving from a noun: the cage is a container made of wire or metal bars  used for  birds. In colloquial language a caged bird is someone imprisoned.

As for the statements used to introduce an evidence, you can say: "There's no denying that..." when you want to say that "it is clear that../ there is no doubt that/ it goes without saying that...".

Finally,  after breaking up with someone you can feel refreshed again if you take up or start a new hobby, like going to the gym, a new habit, like going to the cinema, or a new job.